An 1824 History

Donated by Lisa Slaski

Source: A Gazetteer of the State of New-York; embracing an ample survey and description of its counties, towns, cities, villages, canals, mountains, lakes, rivers, creeks, and natural topography... by Horatio Gates Spafford, LL.D., Albany, 1824.

Franklin County, on the N. Line of this State, is bounded N. by lat. 45 degrees, or Lower Canada, E by Clinton and Essex Counties, S. by Essex and Hamilton, and W. by St. Lawrence County. The W. line is 60 miles in length; greatest breadth 30. It is indented in the SE. corner by an annexation to Essex County, and its area may be 1506 square miles, or 963840 acres; situated between 44 degrees 05 minutes and 45 degrees N. latitude; - 06 minutes E., and 44 minutes W. long. from New York.

Towns,           P.O., Pop., Imp. land, Villages, Post Offices, &c.
Bangor           P.T.  370      2134    5 miles W. of Malone, 225 N.of Albany
Chateaugay       P.T.  828      2039    Chateaugay V., and Chateaugay Lake
Constable        P.T.  637      2201    7 miles N. of Malone, 227 N. of Albany
Dickinson              495      1082    13 miles W. of Malone: Moira
Fort Covington   P.T.  979      2924    French Mills V., St. Regis Reservation and V.
MALONE           P.T. 1130      4937    Malone V., 50 h., 220 miles N. of Albany
                 ---  ----    ------
                  5   4439     15367

The County of Franklin comprises all the tract denominated Great Tract No. 1, of Macomb's Purchase, (excepting three Townships annexed to Essex Co.,) 3 Townships of the old Military Tract, and the St. Regis Indian Reservation. The centre of this County lies 142 miles nearly N. from Albany, 57 a little S. of E. from Ogdensburgh, and 42 nearly W. from Plattsburgh, measured in right lines. The high northern latitude sufficiently indicates the rigors of the climate. In the SWestern part are some lofty ridges of the Peru mountains, but of all the rest, a large portion is rather level than hilly. The small streams are very numerous, and there are a number of small lakes, or ponds. Salmon Creek runs northward into the province of Canada, entering the St. Lawrence a few miles N. of the territorial line. The St. Regis creek, and the Racket river, receive their principal sources from Franklin County. the Chateaugay, runs N. into Canada; and Franklin affords some waters to Chazy and Saranac creeks, of L. Champlain, and originates some of the extreme northern sources of the Hudson. The soil and surface are capable of rendering it a pretty good farming country, but at present the population is too inconsiderable for much detail of products or improvements. There are mines of iron ore, and some indications of other metals. The SEastern corner, all a wilderness, is said to be abundantly supplied with iron ores, being on the western verge of the great iron region of the north, Clinton and Essex Counties. The settled parts are the northern, but it would seem that these settlements might be extended southerly, now that the 'Ohio fever' has somewhat abated. Malone, the capital, is a flourishing village of 50 houses; - but for details examine the Topography, which will be found minute, and, I believe, pretty acccurate.

Statistics. - Townships, 6; Post-Offices, 5; population, 4439: all whites - no slaves-- nor free blacks: foreigners not naturalized, 195: persons employed in agriculture, 1250; in trade, 12; in manufactures, mechanics, 151: its Agricultural Society receives 83 dollars a year of public monies: school districts, 35; in which schools are kept 7 months in 12; $639.37 public monies received in 1821, for common schools; No. of children between 5 and 15 years of age, 1314: No. that received instruction in 1821, 1340; electors, 1169; acres of improved land, 15367; No. of cattle, 5586; horses, 908; sheep, 7649: yards of cloth made in families, 32374: 14 grist mills, 20 saw mills, 1 oil mill, 3 fulling mills, 5 carding machines, 2 iron works, 1 trip hammer, 1 distillery, 1 paper mill, 1 printing office, 23 asheries. Franklin elects 1 Member to the House of Assembly; and with Clinton, Essex and Warren, 1 Representative to Congress. Ratio of increase in population, per annum, 12 per cent.